Being that body image results from a coming together of different factors, the Adolescent Body Image Satisfaction Scale for males (ABISS) helps to identify 3 subscales that attend to how adolescent males perceive their body image.
The first subscale, body competence, helps explain how people may place value in the development of their body from a positive perspective. Closely related to body competence, body inadequacy emerged as the second subscale. For example, feeling ignored, intimidated, and unattractive by other people demonstrates how an adolescent may develop a negative body image.
Other factors, such as feeling insecure and weak, also relate to feeling inadequate relative to a social standard of comparison. Internal conflict was a third subscale that emerged and includes 4 items that capture the balance between an adolescent’s positive and negative perceptions of body image. For example , being critical of one’s body, and seeking reassurance from others concerning appearance
James E Leone, Elizabeth M Mullin, Suanne S Maurer-Starks, Michael J Rovito
Questionnaire / Scales