The adolescent body image satisfaction scale for males (ABISS)

Being that body image results from a coming together of different factors, the Adolescent Body Image Satisfaction Scale for males (ABISS) helps to identify 3 subscales that attend to how adolescent males perceive their body image. The first subscale, body competence, helps explain how people may place value in the development of their body from a positive perspective. Closely related to body competence, body inadequacy emerged as the second subscale. For example, feeling ignored, intimidated, and unattractive by other people demonstrates how an adolescent may develop a negative body image. Other factors, such as feeling insecure and weak, also relate to feeling inadequate relative to a social standard of comparison. Internal conflict was a third subscale that emerged and includes 4 items that capture the balance between an adolescent’s positive and negative perceptions of body image. For example , being critical of one’s body, and seeking reassurance from others concerning appearance

Perceptions of Self
The adolescent body image satisfaction scale for males (ABISS)

Age Range



body competence
Body inadequacy
internal conflict

Researcher(s) or Author(s)

James E Leone, Elizabeth M Mullin, Suanne S Maurer-Starks, Michael J Rovito

Found in

Pro (Secondary)


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