Adaptability is defined as appropriate cognitive, behavioral, and/or affective adjustment in the face of uncertainty and novelty. Adaptability has a role in predicting academic (motivation, engagement, disengagement) and non-academic (self-esteem, life satisfaction, sense of meaning and purpose, emotional instability) outcomes.
Furthermore, adaptability significantly predicts academic (class participation, school enjoyment, and positive academic intentions—positively; self-handicapping and disengagement—negatively) and non-academic (self-esteem, life satisfaction, and sense of meaning and purpose—positively) outcomes
beyond the effects of socio-demographic factors and prior achievement.
The Adaptability Scale comprises nine items, each item reflecting the following criteria: (a) appropriate cognitive, behavioral, or affective adjustment in response to (b) uncertainty and/or novelty that has (c) a purpose or outcome